Military Grid Reference System (MGRS)
The Military Grid Reference System (MGRS) is an extension of the Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) reference system. An MGRS reference is made from 5 parts:
UTM Longitude Zone
This is a number indicating which UTM longitude zone the reference falls into. Zones are numbered from 1 (starting at 180°W) through 60. Each zone is 6° wide.
UTM Latitude Zone
Latitude is split into regions that are 8° high, starting at 80°S. Latitude zones are lettered using C through X, but omitting I and O as they can easily be confused with the numbers 1 and 0.
100,000m Square identification
Each UTM zone is treated as a square 100,000m to a side. The 50,000m easting is centred on the centre-point of the UTM zone. 100,000m squares are identified using two characters - one to identify the row and one to identify the column.
Row identifiers use the characters A through V (omitting I and O again). The sequence is repeated every 2,000,000m from the equator. If the UTM longitude zone is odd, then the lettering is advanced by five characters to start at F.
Column identifiers use the characters A through Z (again omitting I and O).
Easting and northing
Each 100,000m grid square is further divided into smaller squares representing 1m, 10m, 100m, 1,000m and 10,000m precision. The easting and northing are given using the numeric row and column reference of the square, starting at the bottom-left corner of the square.
MGRS Reference Example
18SUU8362601432 is an example of an MGRS reference. '18' is the UTM longitude zone, 'S' is the UTM latitude zone, 'UU' is the 100,000m square identification, 83626 is the easting reference to 1m precision and 01432 is the northing reference to 1m precision.
Some MGRS references use the Bessel 1841 ellipsoid rather than the Geodetic Reference System 1980 (GRS 1980), International or World Geodetic System 1984 (WGS84) ellipsoids. Use the constructors with the optional boolean parameter to be able to specify whether your MGRS reference uses the Bessel 1841 ellipsoid. Note that no automatic determination of the correct ellipsoid to use is made.
Important note: There is currently no support for MGRS references in polar regions north of 84°N and south of 80°S. There is also no account made for UTM zones with slightly different sizes to normal around Svalbard and Norway.
Assembly: DotNetCoords (in DotNetCoords.dll) Version: 188.8.131.52 (184.108.40.206)
public class MGRSRef : CoordinateSystem
Public Class MGRSRef Inherits CoordinateSystem
public ref class MGRSRef : public CoordinateSystem